What is First Person Point of View (With Examples)

It’s important to understand the concept of first person point of view in writing. This perspective allows the narrator to tell the story from their own personal perspective, using pronouns like ‘I’ and ‘me’. By delving into examples of first person point of view, we can gain a deeper understanding of how this narrative technique shapes the reader’s experience.

Key Takeaways:

  • First person point of view involves using pronouns such as “I,” “me,” and “my” to tell a story from the perspective of the narrator.
  • It provides a personal touch: First person point of view allows readers to immerse themselves in the protagonist’s thoughts, emotions, and experiences, creating a more intimate reading experience.
  • Examples of first person point of view: “I woke up to the sound of birds chirping outside my window. It was a beautiful morning, and I couldn’t wait to start my day.” – This example showcases how the narrator is directly involved in the story, offering insights and feelings from their own perspective.

Understanding First Person Point of View

One of the most common narrative perspectives used in literature is the first person point of view. This perspective offers readers a direct insight into the thoughts and feelings of the narrator, providing a unique and personal storytelling experience.

Characteristics of First Person Narration

On a basic level, first person narration involves a character telling the story from their perspective using pronouns such as “I” and “me.” This narrative style allows for a deep exploration of the narrator’s personality, motivations, and emotions, giving readers a more intimate connection to the story.

  • Offers a personal and subjective view of events
  • Creates a sense of immediacy and intimacy with the narrator
  • Allows for exploration of the narrator’s inner thoughts and emotions
  • Limits the reader’s knowledge to only what the narrator knows
  • Can create a biased or unreliable narrator

Types of First Person Narrators

Person First person narrators can take on various forms, each offering a unique perspective and voice to the story. Knowing the different types can help writers choose the most effective narrator for their narrative.

  • First person protagonist narrator
  • First person observer narrator
  • First person peripheral narrator
  • First person unreliable narrator
  • First person collective narrator

Advantages of First Person Point of View

Intimacy and Connection with the Reader

On exploring the advantages of first person point of view in storytelling, a significant aspect is the intimacy and connection it creates with the reader. By allowing the narrative to be told from the protagonist’s perspective, the reader is granted direct access to the character’s thoughts, emotions, and experiences. This closeness can evoke a stronger emotional response from the reader, as they are immersed in the protagonist’s world and innermost thoughts.

Furthermore, the first person point of view enables readers to form a personal bond with the narrator, as they experience the story through the character’s eyes. This can lead to a more engaging and impactful reading experience, as readers feel a sense of solidarity with the protagonist and become invested in their journey.

Reliability vs. Unreliability of the Narrator

Intimacy and connection with the reader are not the only advantages of first person point of view. Another crucial aspect is the exploration of reliability versus unreliability of the narrator. The first person perspective allows for a deep examine the narrator’s perspective, raising questions about their credibility and trustworthiness.

For instance, the narrator’s subjectivity can add layers of complexity to the story, as readers are invited to question the accuracy of the events being described. This ambiguity can create a sense of mystery and intrigue, keeping readers engaged as they navigate the nuances of the narrator’s version of events.

What is First Person Point of View

Challenges of Writing in the First Person

Now, writing in the first person point of view comes with its own set of challenges that authors must navigate to create a compelling narrative. Two major obstacles writers often face include the limited perspective and the need to maintain character voice and consistency.

Limited Perspective

Challenges arise when authors must tell a story solely through the eyes of one character. This restricted viewpoint can limit the reader’s understanding of other characters’ motivations, actions, and emotions. Authors must find creative ways to convey these aspects without the benefit of an omniscient narrator.

Furthermore, the first-person narrator may not always be reliable, leading to potential bias or skewed perceptions within the narrative. Authors must grapple with how to present events truthfully while still allowing for the narrator’s subjectivity to shine through.

Maintaining Character Voice and Consistency

One of the challenges of writing in the first person is maintaining a consistent character voice throughout the narrative. Authors must ensure that the narrator’s tone, language, and personality remain authentic and believable to readers. Any inconsistencies can break the reader’s immersion in the story.

It is necessary for authors to probe deep into their character’s psyche and motivations to portray a consistent voice. This requires a keen understanding of the character’s background, experiences, and personality traits to ensure a cohesive and engaging narrative.

Classic Examples of First Person Point of View in Literature

To truly understand the impact and effectiveness of first person point of view in literature, it’s crucial to explore some classic examples where this narrative technique shines. Novels and short stories have long utilized the power of first-person narration to draw readers into the minds and experiences of the characters, creating a sense of intimacy and immediacy that other perspectives may not achieve.


An exemplary novel that showcases the beauty of first person point of view is “The Catcher in the Rye” by J.D. Salinger. Narrated by the angst-ridden and rebellious teenager Holden Caulfield, readers are given a firsthand account of his struggles, thoughts, and emotions as he navigates the complexities of adolescence and society. Salinger’s masterful use of first person narration allows readers to connect deeply with Holden and experience the world through his eyes.

Another classic novel that employs first person point of view with great success is “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee. Through the perspective of young Scout Finch, readers are transported to the racially charged setting of Maycomb, Alabama, during the Great Depression. Scout’s innocent yet perceptive voice offers a poignant exploration of morality, empathy, and the harsh realities of prejudice, making the novel a timeless and powerful read.

Short Stories

Short stories, known for their brevity and impact, also benefit greatly from the use of first person point of view. Authors often utilize this narrative technique to create a sense of intimacy and immediacy, drawing readers into the characters’ innermost thoughts and emotions from the very beginning.

It’s fascinating to see how authors like Edgar Allan Poe in his classic short story “The Tell-Tale Heart” use first person narration to build tension and suspense. By placing readers directly in the mind of the unreliable and paranoid narrator, Poe enhances the chilling atmosphere of the tale and leaves a lasting impression on those who experience the story.

First Person Point of View in Modern Writing

Once again, the first-person point of view continues to be a popular choice for modern writers across various genres. Its intimate and immediate nature allows readers to connect deeply with the narrator and experience the story through their eyes. Let’s explore how this narrative technique is utilized in contemporary novels and memoirs.

Contemporary Novels

Contemporary authors often use the first-person point of view to intricately weave the thoughts, emotions, and experiences of their main characters. This narrative style can create a more immersive reading experience, allowing readers to research into the psyche of the protagonist and fully engage with their journey. By providing a direct line to the character’s inner world, authors can establish a strong emotional connection between the reader and the story.

In recent years, best-selling authors like Sally Rooney, Celeste Ng, and Ta-Nehisi Coates have effectively employed the first-person perspective to offer nuanced portrayals of complex characters in a rapidly changing world. By adopting this narrative approach, these writers have been able to explore themes of identity, relationships, and societal issues with authenticity and depth.

Memoirs and Autobiographies

Memoirs and autobiographies heavily rely on the first-person point of view as they recount personal experiences, memories, and reflections. This narrative choice allows authors to directly share their truths, perspectives, and emotions with readers, creating an intimate and compelling narrative. By narrating their own stories, writers can offer insight into their lives, beliefs, and the events that shaped them.

Viewers of memoirs and autobiographies are drawn to the authenticity and vulnerability that often accompany the first-person point of view. Through this narrative lens, authors can capture the essence of their lived experiences, inviting readers to witness the highs and lows of their personal journeys with honesty and raw emotion.

Crafting a First Person Narrative

Keep in mind that crafting a first person narrative involves creating a voice that is unique to your protagonist. This voice should reflect the character’s personality, thoughts, feelings, and experiences.

Techniques for Developing a First Person Voice

An effective technique for developing a first person voice is to immerse yourself in your character’s perspective. Try to think, feel, and react as they would in the given situation. This will help you capture the authenticity of their voice and make the narrative more engaging for the reader.

Another important technique is to pay attention to the way your character speaks. Consider their vocabulary, sentence structure, and tone. This will help you create a voice that is consistent and believable throughout the story.

Balancing Description and Introspection

Balancing description and introspection is crucial in a first person narrative. Description helps set the scene and provides context for the story, while introspection allows the reader to probe into the character’s inner thoughts and emotions.

Introspection should be used strategically to reveal the protagonist’s motivations, fears, and desires. It adds depth to the narrative and helps the reader connect with the character on a more personal level.

When balancing description and introspection, be mindful of not overwhelming the reader with excessive internal monologue. Find a balance that keeps the story moving while still providing insight into the character’s psyche.

Summing up

To wrap up, the first person point of view is a narrative perspective where the story is told from the perspective of one of the characters using pronouns like “I”, “me”, “my”, and “we”. This allows readers to experience the events and emotions of the story through the eyes of the narrator, creating a more intimate and personal connection with the protagonist.

Examples of first person point of view can be found in classic literature like “The Catcher in the Rye” by J.D. Salinger and contemporary novels like “The Hunger Games” by Suzanne Collins. By understanding how first person point of view works and recognizing it in literature, readers can appreciate the unique insights, emotions, and perspectives it brings to storytelling.


A: First person point of view is a narrative perspective where the story is told from the viewpoint of one of the characters, using pronouns like “I” and “me” to convey personal experiences and feelings.

A: First person point of view is used to give readers a more intimate and immediate connection to the narrator, allowing them to experience the story through the character’s eyes and emotions.

A: The advantages of first person point of view include creating a strong sense of voice, building empathy with the narrator, and providing insight into the character’s thoughts and motivations.

A: Some examples of first person point of view in literature include “The Catcher in the Rye” by J.D. Salinger, “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee, and “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald.

A: Some examples of first person point of view in literature include “The Catcher in the Rye” by J.D. Salinger, “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee, and “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald.

A: First person point of view can enhance a story by creating a personal and engaging narrative, allowing readers to connect more deeply with the characters, and providing a unique perspective on events and experiences.